Here I’m taking a look at some amazing typefaces, type inspired art, type inspired sculpture, type and its very integral relationship to print and the origins of letterpress… whatever you want to call it…. type is a wonderful thing///
First, a brief history….
The art and discipline of what we now know as typography, evolved from the invention of moveable type and later the Letterpress. Moveable type is believed to have originated in China, with the invention of a moveable type system for printing; developed around 1040 A.D. by Bi Sheng (990–1051) during the Song Dynasty. This system most probably developed from Chinese woodblock printing (the earliest surviving examples of woodblock printing from China date to before 220, and from Egypt to the 4th century). It soon spread to Korea and the Philippines. They used wood and ceramics mostly but eventually went on to make type from different metal compounds (this is thought to have occurred first in Korea).
This early development in the moveable type system predominantly remained in Asia, and it wasn’t until the 1500′s when the techniques and process were introduced in Europe. One man spearheaded this, and it was Johannes Gutenberg. A goldsmith by profession, from the late 1400′s up until the 1500′s, he worked tirelessly on developing the first printing press (originally made from wood) and a technique we now call Letterpress using metal movable type. Gutenburg’s printing press revolutionised the printed word in Europe and with it, publishing was born and in result an assortment of printed materials could be mass-produced and circulated widely and quickly.
From there on in, the industry and the technologies that made it possible changed and evolved at an incredible pace. We could talk all day about these changes and about where printing is today, but really its a massive story in itself so my advice is go online or visit your nearest print museum if you are lucky enough to have one! Obviously, within the history of Europe and indeed the rest of the world, printing brought about massive changes and an unstoppable perpetual motion within the realms of literature, society, politics, education, religion, art and every other possible area in human life and industry you can think of. Where would we be without it!
The famous ‘Love’ typography-
Robert Indiana was born Robert Clark in New Castle, Indiana. His family relocated to Indianapolis, where he graduated from Arsenal Technical High School. He moved to New York City in 1954 and joined the pop art movement, using distinctive imagery drawing on commercial art approaches blended with existentialism, that gradually moved toward what Indiana calls “sculptural poems”.
BRADBURY THOMPSON- art director/designer
Avant Garde Gothic
Avant Garde Gothic was designed by Herb Lubalin and Tom Carnase and based on Lubalin’s logo for Avant Garde magazine.
Layer Cake is considered an experimental typeface, and is designed by Jakob Nylund.
Grad (2004) was designed by veteran type designer Phil Martin, creator of over 400 typefaces from the late ’60s through the ’80s mainly for film headline setters (click on the pic to read interview with Phil Martin by Typographica).
Takeshi Murata is a digital designer working with animation. He is currently based in New York.
Bodoni is a series of serif typefaces first designed by Giambattista Bodoni (1740–1813) in 1798.
Stuart Whitton - Clothing and Accessories
From http://www.typographyserved.com/ ‘Do it Yourself’ By Alex Beltechi
Hannah Furnell Blog
This is a pretty amazing blog by Hannah Furnell about experimental typefaces, if I do say so myself!
She has some fantastic typefaces and typeface inspired art up, like this one- Chair Form Alphabet Chart By Amandine Alessandra:
And Last but not least.. I have to mention David Carson…don’t I?!
David Carson was born in America in 1954 and is quite a well known and revered graphic designer. He is best known for his innovative magazine design and use of experimental typography. He was the art director for the magazine Ray Gun. Carson was perhaps the most influential graphic designer of the 1990s. In particular, his widely imitated aesthetic defined the so-called “grunge typography” era.Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Carson_(graphic_designer)